Any drug that is taken for non-medicinal reasons can be considered a drug of abuse. Substance abuse isn’t limited to street drugs, and even an over-the-counter or prescription drug can become a drug of abuse with improper usage. In the United States, substance abuse is a pervasive problem: A 2013 Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association (SAMHSA) survey shows that over 24 million Americans reported using an illicit drug within a month of being interviewed for the survey. Regardless of the drug of abuse, addiction and serious health consequences can result from the non-medicinal usage of a substance.
Call Drug Treatment Centers Montclair at (826) 205-6078.
Alcohol is the most common drug of abuse, and a SAMHSA report indicates that it is also responsible for over 23% of admissions to substance abuse treatment programs. After alcohol, opiate drugs, including heroin and many prescription painkillers, account for 20 % of drug-related admissions, and marijuana comes in third with 17% of admissions.
Abused drugs can be divided into different categories based on their effects. The category of stimulants includes a broad range of drugs: Illegal street drugs like cocaine and methamphetamine are stimulants, as well as easily-obtained legal substances like caffeine and nicotine. Stimulants increase the amount of energy, alertness and awareness in an individual, and they are highly addictive due to the neurochemical changes they cause in users.
Depressants are another commonly-abused drug category, which includes alcohol, heroin and prescription opiates; prescription medications such as Ativan and Xanax are also depressants. While all depressants slow down the central nervous system, their exact effects vary. In general, these drugs tend to produce a rush of euphoria followed by a calm feeling. Marijuana is placed in its own category because it causes a combination of depressant, stimulant and hallucinogenic effects.
Individuals who are abusing a substance may be in denial about their problem; family members and friends need to be aware of the signs of possible drug abuse and take these signs seriously. Some common indicators of substance abuse include: failing to maintain responsibilities at school or work, abandoning relationships in order to get drunk or high and giving up their usual hobbies and activities. Many substance abusers will exhibit abrupt changes in behavior or mood, and they will often have unexplained physical signs such as reddened eyes or slurred speech. It’s easier to combat a substance abuse problem in its earlier stages, so it’s important to know and understand the signs.
For many individuals with a substance abuse problem, medical detoxification is the first step of treatment. Certain substances cause dangerous withdrawal symptoms when the user stops taking them, so the process of reducing the amount of toxins in the user’s system should be supervised by medical professionals. During this process, medications can be given to ease the harsh symptoms of withdrawal.
Once a successful detoxification has been completed, an individual can move on to the rehabilitation stage of treatment. This part of our drug treatment program may be completed on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on the abused drug and the severity of the dependency.
Rehabilitation at Drug Treatment Centers Montclair involves both group and individual therapy. Pateints learn how to deal with continued cravings for drugs or alcohol and how to manage the triggers that might tempt them to use again. Relapse prevention is a focal point of our drug rehabilitation program, and it also is a key component of the aftercare services that continue once a patient completes treatment. Support groups and continued therapy provided by an aftercare program can help a recovering addicts stay on the right path toward long-term sobriety.